Cairn Terrier vs Japanese Spitz

Compare the Cairn Terrier to the Japanese Spitz. Use the tool below to compare temperament, size, personality, maintenance requirements, and everything else between Cairn Terriers and Japanese Spitz.

Quick Summary

Below are a few quick comparisons between the two breeds.
  • Owner Experience - Both the Cairn Terrier and Japanese Spitz are excellent choices for new or inexperienced owners.
  • Children - Both the Cairn Terrier and Japanese Spitz are great with children.
  • Grooming - Both the Cairn Terrier and Japanese Spitz are very low maintenance and easy to groom.
  • Barking - Both the Cairn Terrier and Japanese Spitz are very vocal and will bark/howl frequently.
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Cairn Terrier vs Japanese Spitz
Red Wheaten Cairn Terrier
Japanese Spitz
Breed NameCairn TerrierJapanese Spitz
General Details
Breed TypePurebredPurebred
Is Hypo­allergenicYesNo
Lifespan14-15 yrs.10-16 yrs.
Height9-10 in.12-15 in.
Weight10-14 lb10-20 lb
IntelligenceHighAverage
History
Origin CountryUK (Scotland)Japan
Origin Year1900 AD1950 AD
Temperament
Overall FriendlinessVery GoodVery Good
Family FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Kid FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Pet FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Stranger FriendlyVery GoodBelow Average
Personality
  • Aggressive
  • Loving
  • Stubborn
  • Affectionate
  • Enjoys Attention
  • Loving
  • Does Not Like Being Alone
  • Likes To Snuggle
  • Stubborn
  • Willing To Please
Living Environment
ApartmentYesYes
IndoorYesYes
Small YardYesYes
Medium YardYesYes
Large YardNoNo
Temperature Tolerance ¹20°F to 80°F20°F to 85°F
Barks/HowlsVery OftenVery Often
Exercise Needs
Energy LevelMediumHigh
Exercise RequiredMediumMedium
Top Running Speed18 mph18 mph
StrengthLowLow
Grooming Needs
Coat Main­tenanceMediumMedium
SheddingNone-LowMedium-High
DanderNone-LowLow
Drool AmountNoneLow

¹This is estimated min/max temperature range for a healthy adult dog. Dogs that live indoors, puppies, seniors, unwell dogs, and/or dogs with improperly groomed coats may overheat sooner and get cold more quickly.
Instincts & Behavior Comparison
Breed NameCairn TerrierJapanese Spitz
Breed Mentality
Dominant/AlphaNoNo
Family/PackNoYes
IndependentYesNo
Breed Focus
Distracted EasilyNoNo
AverageYesYes
Focused & PatientNoNo
Breed Instincts
AggressionBelow AverageAverage
Burrow/DiggingAverageAverage
ChasingAverageAverage
Follow CommandsBelow AverageAverage
FightingBelow AverageBelow Average
GuardingBelow AverageBelow Average
HerdingBelow AverageAverage
HuntingHighAverage
ProtectionBelow AverageAverage
Remove VerminHighAverage
SleddingVery LowAverage
WatchAverageAverage
Health Comparison
Breed NameCairn TerrierJapanese Spitz
Lifespan
Lifespan14-15 yrs.10-16 yrs.
Common Health Issues
CataractsYesNo
Craniomandibular OsteopathyYesNo
CryptorchidismYesNo
GlaucomaYesNo
Globoid Cell LeukodystrophyYesNo
HypothyroidismYesNo
Legg-perthes DiseaseYesNo
Luxating PatellaYesNo
Microvascular DysplasiaYesNo
Patellar LuxationNoYes
Portosystemic Vascular AnomalyYesNo
Progressive Retinal AtrophyYesNo
Runny EyesNoYes
Appearance Comparison
Breed NameCairn TerrierJapanese Spitz
Coat
HairYesYes
FurNoYes
Coat Type
Wire CoatYesNo
Double CoatNoYes
Coat Texture
RoughYesNo
SilkyNoYes
WavyNoYes
StraightNoYes
Coat Length(s)
MediumYesNo
LongNoYes
Coat Color(s)
BlackYesNo
Black BrindleYesNo
BrindleYesNo
CreamYesNo
Cream BrindleYesNo
RedYesNo
Red BrindleYesNo
Red WheatenYesNo
SilverYesNo
Silver BrindleYesNo
Silver WheatenYesNo
WheatenYesNo
Wheaten BrindleYesNo
WhiteNoYes