Border Collie vs Golden Retriever

Compare the Border Collie to the Golden Retriever. Use the tool below to compare temperament, size, personality, maintenance requirements, and everything else between Border Collies and Golden Retrievers.

Quick Summary

Below are a few quick comparisons between the two breeds.
  • Owner Experience - The Golden Retriever is a good choice for new owners, whereas the Border Collie is not recommended for new/inexperienced owners.
  • Children - Both breeds are child friendly, but the Golden Retriever is the most friendly between the breeds.
  • Grooming - The Border Collie is easier to groom than the Golden Retriever.
  • Barking - Both breeds will bark frequently, but the Border Collie has the highest tendency to bark between the two.
Choose Another Breed to Compare
  • vs
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever
Border Collie Dog Breed
Golden Retriever
Breed NameBorder CollieGolden Retriever
General Details
Breed TypePurebredPurebred
Is Hypo­allergenicNoNo
Lifespan12-15 yrs.10-12 yrs.
Height18-22 in.21-24 in.
Weight27-45 lb55-80 lb
IntelligenceHighHigh
History
Origin CountryUK (England)UK (Scotland)
Origin Year1860 AD1865 AD
Temperament
Overall FriendlinessVery GoodVery Good
Family FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Kid FriendlyGoodVery Good
Pet FriendlyGoodVery Good
Stranger FriendlyGoodVery Good
Personality
  • Affectionate
  • Loving
  • Stubborn
  • Willing To Please
  • Affectionate
  • Loving
  • Willing To Please
Living Environment
ApartmentNoYes
IndoorYesYes
Small YardYesYes
Medium YardYesYes
Large YardYesYes
Temperature Tolerance ¹30°F to 80°F30°F to 80°F
Barks/HowlsVery OftenOften
Exercise Needs
Energy LevelHighHigh
Exercise RequiredHighMedium-High
Top Running Speed28 mph25 mph
StrengthHighHigh
Grooming Needs
Coat Main­tenanceLowMedium-High
SheddingLowMedium-High
DanderLowMedium
Drool AmountNoneNone

¹This is estimated min/max temperature range for a healthy adult dog. Dogs that live indoors, puppies, seniors, unwell dogs, and/or dogs with improperly groomed coats may overheat sooner and get cold more quickly.
Instincts & Behavior Comparison
Breed NameBorder CollieGolden Retriever
Breed Mentality
Dominant/AlphaNoNo
Family/PackYesYes
IndependentNoNo
Breed Focus
Distracted EasilyNoNo
AverageYesNo
Focused & PatientNoYes
Breed Instincts
AggressionBelow AverageBelow Average
Burrow/DiggingBelow AverageBelow Average
ChasingBelow AverageHigh
Follow CommandsAverageHigh
FightingBelow AverageBelow Average
GuardingBelow AverageBelow Average
HerdingHighBelow Average
HuntingBelow AverageHigh
ProtectionBelow AverageBelow Average
Remove VerminBelow AverageBelow Average
SleddingBelow AverageBelow Average
WatchAverageBelow Average
Health Comparison
Breed NameBorder CollieGolden Retriever
Lifespan
Lifespan12-15 yrs.10-12 yrs.
Common Health Issues
AllergiesYesYes
BloatNoYes
CataractsNoYes
Collie Eye AnomalyYesNo
Elbow DysplasiaNoYes
EpilepsyYesYes
HemangiosarcomaNoYes
Hip DysplasiaYesYes
HypothyroidismNoYes
Osteochondrosis DissecansYesYes
OsteosarcomaNoYes
Progressive Retinal AtrophyYesYes
Subvalvular Aortic StenosisNoYes
Von Willebrand's DiseaseNoYes
Appearance Comparison
Breed NameBorder CollieGolden Retriever
Coat
FurYesYes
Coat Type
Double CoatYesYes
Coat Texture
SilkyYesNo
StraightYesNo
WavyNoYes
Coat Length(s)
MediumYesYes
Coat Color(s)
BlackYesNo
BlueYesNo
Blue MerleYesNo
BrindleYesNo
GoldYesYes
LilacYesNo
RedYesNo
Red MerleYesNo
SableYesNo
Sable MerleYesNo
Saddleback SableYesNo
White & BlackYesNo
White & BlueYesNo
White & Blue MerleYesNo
White & RedYesNo
White & Red MerleYesNo
White TickedYesNo
Dark GoldenNoYes
Light GoldenNoYes