Australian Shepherd vs Catahoula Leopard Dog

Compare the Australian Shepherd to the Catahoula Leopard Dog. Use the tool below to compare temperament, size, personality, maintenance requirements, and everything else between Australian Shepherds and Catahoula Leopard Dogs.

Quick Summary

Below are a few quick comparisons between the two breeds.
  • Owner Experience - The Australian Shepherd is an okay choice for new or inexperienced owners, but the Catahoula Leopard Dog is not recommended for new owners.
  • Children - Both breeds are child friendly, but the Australian Shepherd is the most friendly between the breeds.
  • Grooming - The Catahoula Leopard Dog is very easy to groom. The Australian Shepherd has high grooming requirements.
  • Barking - Both breeds will bark frequently, but the Australian Shepherd has the highest tendency to bark between the two.
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Australian Shepherd vs Catahoula Leopard Dog
Australian Shepherd Dog Breed
White & Black Catahoula Leopard Dog
Breed NameAustralian ShepherdCatahoula Leopard Dog
General Details
Breed TypePurebredPurebred
Is Hypo­allergenicNoNo
Lifespan12-15 yrs.10-14 yrs.
Height18-23 in.20-26 in.
Weight40-65 lb50-100 lb
IntelligenceHighHigh
History
Origin CountryUnited StatesUnited States
Origin Year1840 AD1600 AD
Temperament
Overall FriendlinessVery GoodGood
Family FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Kid FriendlyVery GoodGood
Pet FriendlyPoorPoor
Stranger FriendlyGoodPoor
Personality
  • Affectionate
  • Loving
  • Willing To Please
  • Affectionate
  • Stubborn
  • Willing To Please
Living Environment
ApartmentNoNo
IndoorYesYes
Small YardYesYes
Medium YardYesYes
Large YardYesYes
Temperature Tolerance ¹30°F to 80°F50°F to 100°F
Barks/HowlsVery OftenOften
Exercise Needs
Energy LevelHigh-Very HighHigh-Very High
Exercise RequiredHighMedium-High
Top Running Speed25 mph25 mph
StrengthHighHigh
Grooming Needs
Coat Main­tenanceMediumMedium
SheddingMediumMedium
DanderMediumLow-Medium
Drool AmountLowLow

¹This is estimated min/max temperature range for a healthy adult dog. Dogs that live indoors, puppies, seniors, unwell dogs, and/or dogs with improperly groomed coats may overheat sooner and get cold more quickly.
Instincts & Behavior Comparison
Breed NameAustralian ShepherdCatahoula Leopard Dog
Breed Mentality
Dominant/AlphaNoNo
Family/PackYesYes
IndependentNoNo
Breed Focus
Distracted EasilyNoNo
AverageYesNo
Focused & PatientNoYes
Breed Instincts
AggressionBelow AverageBelow Average
Burrow/DiggingBelow AverageAverage
ChasingBelow AverageAverage
Follow CommandsAverageAverage
FightingVery LowBelow Average
GuardingBelow AverageAverage
HerdingHighHigh
HuntingBelow AverageHigh
ProtectionBelow AverageAverage
Remove VerminVery LowBelow Average
SleddingBelow AverageBelow Average
WatchBelow AverageAverage
Health Comparison
Breed NameAustralian ShepherdCatahoula Leopard Dog
Lifespan
Lifespan12-15 yrs.10-14 yrs.
Common Health Issues
AllergiesYesNo
BloatNoYes
CancerYesNo
CataractsYesNo
Collie Eye AnomalyYesNo
DeafnessYesYes
Detached RetinaYesNo
DistichiasisYesNo
Drug SensitivityYesNo
Elbow DysplasiaYesNo
EpilepsyYesNo
Hip DysplasiaYesYes
HypothyroidismYesNo
Nasal Solar DermatitisYesNo
Osteochondrosis DissecansYesNo
Persistent Pupillary MembranesYesNo
Progressive Retinal AtrophyYesNo
Appearance Comparison
Breed NameAustralian ShepherdCatahoula Leopard Dog
Coat
FurYesYes
Coat Type
Double CoatYesYes
Single CoatNoYes
Coat Texture
WavyYesNo
RoughNoYes
StraightNoYes
Coat Length(s)
MediumYesNo
LongYesNo
ShortNoYes
Coat Color(s)
BlackYesYes
Blue MerleYesYes
RedYesYes
Red MerleYesYes
Black & WhiteNoYes
BlueNoYes
BrindleNoYes
BrownNoYes
Brown & WhiteNoYes
GreyNoYes
Quad-colorNoYes
TanNoYes
Tri-colorNoYes
White MerleNoYes
YellowNoYes
Yellow MerleNoYes