White Coton de Tulear Running

Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

Other names:
Coton Dog
Coton Puppy
Coton Tulear

The Coton de Tulear, also called the "Coton" or the "Cotie" is a small, happy, loyal purebred. Native to the island of Madagascar, this curious companion became known as the "Royal Dog of Madagascar" because of it's popularity among the main tribes of the Island in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Coton De Tulear Breed Details

The Coton De Tulear is a companion dog. These fluffy little family pets are best with people who have some dog experience. Because they are so incredibly cute, a lot of people might let Coton de Tulear behavior problems slide by. Although they are very small dogs, they still need a strong-minded owner who will take charge. One of the most basic facts you should know is that many problems come from anxiety, and your Coton needs to know that you can handle things to prevent such stress!

If you are thinking of adopting one of these dogs, here are some Coton de Tulear pros and cons you should know:


  • Smart
  • Very playful
  • Extremely polite
  • Sheds very little
  • Great indoor dog
  • Amazingly soft hair
  • Few exercise needs
  • Loves to please people


  • Hard to house train
  • May bark constantly
  • Requires gentle handling
  • Separation anxiety easily acquired
  • Must be properly socialized to prevent shyness
  • Extraordinary amount of grooming requirements
  • Transition from puppy coat to adult one can be difficult
14 - 16 yrs.
9 - 13 in.
11 - 15 lbs
OverallFamily FriendlyChild FriendlyPet FriendlyStranger Friendly
Easy to GroomEnergy LevelExercise NeedsHealthShedding Amount
Barks / HowlsEasy to TrainGuard DogPlayfulnessWatch Dog
Apartment DogCan be AloneGood for Busy OwnersGood for New OwnersIntelligence

Coton De Tulear Breed Description

The Coton de Tulear is a small breed. Typically weighing between 11-15 pounds. The Coton stands between 9-13 inches tall.

The Coton is soft-hearted and loyal making it the perfect companion for various family types. The breed's sense of curiosity makes it a friend to anyone and everyone. In situations in which the Coton is around young children, strict supervision is recommended (as with any dog). Because of the breed's sweet temperament you can expect them to get along nicely with strangers and other animals alike. However, they will serve as a decent watchdog, warning of strange noises with a bark. But keep into consideration if you desire a guard dog, you may want to choose a more aggressive breed.

To keep your Coton happy and healthy, mild effort is required on your part. Implement exercise into your Coton's life according to your lifestyle but be sure to take a consistent, attention to detail approach in the areas of training and grooming.

Coton De Tulear Breed History

The Coton de Tulear is indigenous to the island of Madagascar in Africa. They are known as the "Royal Dog of Madagascar" and are named after the bay of Tulear. This breed is related to European breeds such as The Bichon Frise, The Tenerife Terrier, and the Maltese.

The ancestors of the Cotons likely came along with pirates as companions who established a base in St. Mary's Island, Madagascar in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Coton became popular amongst the lead tribe on the island, The Merina tribe. They were sometimes given as gifts and became a favorite companion to the wealthy of the Island. In 1973, a man by the name of Robert Jay Russell, whom was at the time studying lemurs on the island, discovered the breed and brought them to America. Though they migrated to other areas of the world including Europe, America, Canada and other various places they kept the reputation of the "Royal Dog of Madagascar".

There are many legends and folklore about the Coton, most of which hold little to no truth. Although their early history is mysterious, the Coton never hunted alligators and boars, or fought off hungry alligators. This breed was recognized by the Social Centrale Canine (the French national kennel club), the Federation Cynologique Internationale, The United Kennel Club, UK in the toy group, and the United Kennel Club, US in the companion group. The Coton de Tulear was on their way to being recognized in America in 1996, but did not become official until July 01, 2014.

Coton De Tulear Appearance

The Coton de Tulear is infamously recognized by its medium-long, soft white "cottony coat" similar to cotton, hence the name "Coton". They are small and compact, yet stout and sturdy. The body of the Coton typically consists of more length than height.

They have a black noses (sometimes dark brown) and and dark eyes that express a twinkling kindness. The Coton's dark features against its pure, cotton white colored hair creates a beautiful contrast unique to the breed. The tail possesses a prominent curl that rests on its back. They have perky ears that triangle straight up. The breed also possesses shorter legs and an expression almost similar to a smile.

Coton De Tulear Colors

The images below represent the coat colors and patterns associated with Coton De Tulears.

Black and White
Black and White
Additional Coat Colors

Coton De Tulear Variations

There is very little variation among purebred members of this breed. The Coton De Tulear is a small breed of dog already so, as of now, there isn't much interest in creating a Mini, Teacup or Toy Coton de Tulear.

The coat of this breed is medium-long and fluffy like cotton (hence the name). If you see a short haired Coton de Tulear it is likely the owner clipped or shaved them for convenience purposes. Cutting the hair does not "cool them off", as some mistakenly believe; a dogs coat is particularly good at keeping them warm or cool as necessary.

Coton De Tulear Temperament

The Coton de Tulear is loving, curious, and loyal. They are diverse and intelligent with the ability to adapt to various environments and activities according to the owner's life. They are full of joy and live to entertain. Dating back to its early history, the Coton has always been a companion. They earnestly desire to be loved and noticed by their owners as well as others. This breed is one that loves to be the center of attention.

The Coton becomes strongly attached to their owners and do not enjoy time away from them. One interesting trait among Cotons is that they tend to be more energetic in the evening time. If you're a night owl, this dog will keep you great company.

Coton De Tulear Maintenance

The Coton de Tulear requires medium effort to maintain physical and mental health. Grooming is a daily task, where other breeds may only need weekly or bi weekly brushing and washing. They are low key in the area of exercise. Training your Coton is also in the medium maintenance category. In the beginning it could prove to be slightly difficult to potty train this breed. however as with many other breeds, positive reinforcement and consistency provide success when training your Coton.

Grooming Requirements

The Coton is considered a "non-shedding breed" and has low dander which is similar to dandruff in humans. As opposed to fur like other breeds the Coton is considered to have hair. The unique coat causes the loose hair to get stuck in itself. Similar to a spider's web, the hair is caught there until it's combed out and removed. Puppies, while their coats are still growing, may require more grooming. The coat should be brushed and combed out daily, removing loose hairs to prevent matting and tangles. If the coat becomes matted due to a failure to keep the coat brushed, shaving the coat completely may be required. This breed is also considered hypoallergenic. The Coton should be bathed on a weekly basis. Brush teeth 2-3 times per week. Trim the hair around the eyes and ears as well as the nails as necessary.

Exercise Requirements

The Coton de Tulear can be kept healthy and fit with a short walk daily, regular playtime, or a supervised swim. The way you exercise your Coton is solely based on your preference. A little bit goes a long way.

Living Requirements

The Coton de Tulear is a small breed and should be kept indoors to keep them safe from larger animals that may try to hunt and kill them. This breed is diverse and adapts to any environment.

Coton De Tulear Health

The Coton de Tulear is a generally healthy breed. They do have some prevalent heart and liver diseases among other abnormalities. This is to be expected because all breeds have some health problems in their hereditary background. Their lifespan ranges from 14-16 years. Below are health issues to watch out for in Coton de Tulears:

Coton De Tulear Health Concerns

Below are potential health concerns associated with Coton De Tulears.

Hip dysplasia
Luxating patella
Progressive retinal atrophy

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About this Article

Authored by:Dog-Learn
Updated:September 1, 2017