Boston Terrier Kozielczyk

Boston Terrier Dog Breed

Other names:
American Gentleman
Boston Bull
Boston Bull Terrier
Boxwood Dog

The Boston Terrier is a small purebred breed that originated in the United States. First bred in 1870, these dogs have since been a staple of Boston and the United States. They are the first American born breed to be admitted to the American Kennel Club and the first non-sporting dog bred in the U.S. Compact, easy to maintain, and apartment friendly, they make great pets for urbanites. They are intelligent, amusing, and affable dogs that will be respectful towards all members of the family, be they children or other pets. It is no coincidence their nickname is "the American gentleman." With their tuxedo-like coat and their urbane manners, they are sure to delight.

Boston Terrier Breed Details

The Boston Terrier purpose was as a ratter, but the breed also had popularity as a dog fighter (aka "pit fighter"). Fortunately, dog-fighting is not only unpopular but outlawed, and down-breeding has made this dog much smaller. This has allowed them to be far less ferocious, far more friendly, and, sadly, far more prone to a long list of health problems. Still, these dogs are good for small children who love to play and are mindful, for elderly people, and as family dogs. They are OK for first-time dog owners, but they can be a handful of behavior problems too.

Below are some of the many facts you should know if you plan to adopt a Boston Terrier:

Loves kids
Very playful
Easy to train
Tend to be quiet
Remarkably social
Extremely expressive
Low grooming needs
Great for elderly people
Gets along well with other dogs
Moderate exercise requirements
Snoring is normal
Frequent flatulence
Some tendency to dig
Can be very stubborn
Grunts and snorts a lot
Might be remarkably lazy
Can be hard to house train
Medium desire to chase things
Obesity, over-exhaustion, and vomiting is common
13 - 15 yrs.
13 - 15 in.
12 - 25 lbs
OverallFamily FriendlyChild FriendlyPet FriendlyStranger Friendly
Easy to GroomEnergy LevelExercise NeedsHealthShedding Amount
Barks / HowlsEasy to TrainGuard DogPlayfulnessWatch Dog
Apartment DogCan be AloneGood for Busy OwnersGood for New OwnersIntelligence

Boston Terrier Breed Description

Boston Terriers are considered small sized dogs. According to the American Kennel Club's standard, this dog should weigh no more than 25 pounds. Females are usually a bit smaller and should reach a weight of no more than 22 pounds. These dogs reach a height of up to 15-17 inches from ground to shoulder, though some may be as small as 9 inches. The American Kennel Club divides the breed into three weight classes: under 15 pounds, 15 to 20 pounds, and 20 pounds up to but not exceeding 25 pounds.

Their small size and gentle demeanor makes them fantastic dogs for apartments or other small living environments. Unlike many other small breeds, which are quite delicate, Boston Terriers are strong and robust and will not injure easily.

Friendly, bright, and amusing are the terms the American Kennel Club uses to describe the Boston Terrier—an accurate set of terms for this playful and loving dog. They make great companions for just about any type of owner(s), be they an elderly couple or a family with kids. These dogs are also known to get along with other pets, though they might be somewhat wary with strangers and foreign dogs.

This breed is decidedly low maintenance, perfect for the family or owner who is busy but wants to have a loving pup to return to at home. Boston Terriers have a light shedding coat that requires a minimal amount of brushing. Nails, teeth, and ears will require a bit of maintenance, as with most breeds. Exercise requires for these dogs are low relative to many other dogs. A daily walk and some playtime will be enough to keep them happy.

Boston Terrier Breed History

The Boston Terrier is a thoroughly American breed whose records and lineage have been painstakingly recorded. As the name suggests, the breed was first developed in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1870 a Boston man named Robert C. Hooper bought a dog named Judge. Judge, who would in time come to be known as Hooper's Judge, was a mix of an English Bulldog and a white English Terrier. This dog became the patriarch of the breed that would come to be known as the Boston Terrier; it is now believed that all Boston Terriers can trace part of their lineage to Hooper's Judge. Judge and his progeny were bred with French Bulldogs to refine certain physical and temperamental characteristics. One of the goals of the selective breeding was to make the dogs smaller. It was common for early Boston Terriers to weigh up to 44 pounds, though Judge himself was only about 30 pounds. Today the breed has an upper limit of only 25 pounds.

By 1889 these dogs had become considerably popular in the New England area, and a club called the American Bull Terrier Club was formed (they soon changed the name to the Boston Terrier Club at the behest of James Watson, a well-known writer). In 1893 the Boston Terrier became the first American born breed to be admitted membership to the American Kennel Club, and is today one of only ten American breeds recognized by the club. It is also recognized as the first non-sporting dog to have originated in the United States.

In its early years, the Boston Terrier's coat color and markings were not deemed of high importance, but that was to change in the 20th century. The characteristic tuxedo-like markings have become a standard feature for the breed, helping earn it the nickname "the American Gentleman." The breed skyrocketed in popularity during the early 20th century; by 1915, Boston Terriers were the most popular breed in the United States, and remained in the top ten most popular breeds until the 1960's. Today the breed ranks around the 23rd most popular according to the American Kennel Club.

This dog has been a favorite of celebrities since the early 1900's. The silent film star Pola Negri was a great fan of the breed, and reportedly took her Boston Terrier, Patsy, with her everywhere she went. One night, a restaurant she wished to dine at refused to let the dog enter. Negri became irate and cried out "No Patsy, no Pola. Goodbye forever!"

In 1976, the Boston Terrier was chosen as the bicentennial dog of the U.S. Three years later, in 1979, the breed was named the official state dog of Massachusetts. A number of educational institutions have a Boston Terrier as their mascot, including Boston University, Wofford College in South Carolina, and Redlands High School in California.

Boston Terrier Appearance

The Boston Terrier is a small, compact dog that should never weigh more than 25 pounds. It has a sturdy, muscular build, and should not appear skinny or frail. They have a broad chest and are well-proportioned dogs, meaning no individual part of the dog should look too big or small relative to the rest of the dog. The head is square-like, and features a short muzzle with a flat nose. These dogs are brachycephalic (brachy meaning short, and cephalic meaning head). The lower jaw is in proportion to the rest of the body, but their short upper jaw gives their face a "pushed in" appearance. The skin around the face should not have wrinkles. The ears are big and pointy and stand erect. The eyes are dark, big, and full of expression, giving this dog a particularly intelligent appearance.

The coat is smooth and short and has an elegant, clean-cut look. The limbs are strong and in proportion to the rest of the body. The tail is short and set low; docking or bobbing is forbidden according to the breed standard, though you will occasionally see individuals who feature such a tail.

Boston Terrier Colors

The images below represent the coat colors and patterns associated with Boston Terriers.

Black and White
Black and White
Brindle and White
Brindle and White
Additional Coat Colors
Black Brindle, and White
Seal and White
Seal Brindle and White

Boston Terrier Variations

Boston Terrier types tend to be hotly debated. There are those who insist that there are standard as well as miniature Boston Terriers. Some go further by claiming there are also teacup Boston Terriers. Then there are those who — along with all the established kennel clubs — declare that a dog is either a Boston Terrier or not. It's said by many that these mini or toy Boston Terriers are either runts or hybrid dogs. Granted, there are little Boston Terriers. Some breeders will intentionally mate ever-smaller Bostons to have miniature or even tiny dogs that are indeed purebred. Unfortunately, such breeding practices tend to result in fragile little dogs that have very bad health problems.

There are also those who claim that there are long-haired Boston Terriers, and this is also strongly argued against being true. While there may be photos of dogs that closely resemble Bostons but have relatively long hair, these claims are usually countered. Such dogs are typically crossbred or have other breeds' blood in their recent ancestors.

Boston Terrier Temperament

These dogs are known to be pleasant and jubilant. They have a very outgoing personality and love to be around their human friends and family—they're the kind of dog that when let out into the yard will sit by the door, waiting patiently for their owner to join them for some fun. They typically get along with other pets quite well, and having another canine friend around for the Boston Terrier to play with when the owners are out is not a bad idea. Children will find that these dogs are great playmates—gentle and affectionate while still playful and amusing.

This breed is quite intelligent though sometimes stubborn. Some Boston Terriers will be very eager to please and should train very easily, some others will require a persistent, consistent approach to training that may take a little longer. Tone of voice is important when trying to train and command these dogs. They are very sensitive—too much negative reinforcement will impede training and will therefore be counterproductive. Positive reinforcement is the way to go when teaching.

Barking is not a terrible issue with Boston Terriers. They are generally quiet and respectful dogs, though they may bark if they see an unfamiliar person or animal. Again, training from a young age will make a large difference in the behavior of this dog. A properly socialized and trained dog will be a fantastic companion for nearly any owner.

Boston Terrier Maintenance

These dogs are generally considered to be low maintenance, though they may require more attention than some other dogs due to the health risks associated with their brachycephalic face. The big eyes will need to be looked after in order to keep them free of damaging debris. In order to keep the coat healthy, these dogs will need an occasional light brushing. Their exercise needs are moderate; a daily walk of medium length should be sufficient.

Grooming Requirements

Grooming should not be very time consuming with these dogs. Their coat is very light shedding and should require brushing only once a week or so. A thorough going over with a soft bristle brush or hound glove will do the trick. The nails should be trimmed regularly to avoid overgrowth. If you can hear the nails when the dog is walking, it is definitely time for a trim. Start this practice early in the dog's life so it is accustomed to it later in life. The dog's large ears also need to be checked regularly to avoid wax buildup or to remove debris which might result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed once every one or two weeks.

Exercise Requirements

These dogs were bred in the city of Boston, a place where real estate beyond a small yard is very hard to find; owners of this breed should not worry about having a large yard, but it is still important to give a Boston Terrier its regular exercise. These dogs do not require a tremendous amount of exercise. A moderate length walk of about 30 minutes or so along with playtime should be enough to keep this dog happy and in shape. If you are an active type who loves to run, bike, or hike, be careful about taking a Boston Terrier with you, especially if it is warm outside. Due to their short muzzle, these dogs have trouble panting at the rate of other dogs and are therefore more susceptible to overheating. Consider another breed if being able to climb mountains is an essential requirement for your dog.

Living Requirements

These compact dogs can live in nearly any environment assuming they receive a proper amount of exercise and attention. Apartment dwellers are particularly fond of this breed due to the breed's small size and easy going disposition. Boston Terriers are not especially active indoors and will be happy to lounge about for most of the day. If they are going to be living in a rural location or even a yarded house, it is important that the yard be fenced in so the dog does not escape. These dogs do not like to be separated from the family and should not be left outdoors overnight or treated in a similar manner. Let the Boston Terrier be a part of the family and invite him inside.

Boston Terrier Health

Though the Boston Terrier is for the most part a healthy breed, it is brachycephalic (short muzzled) so they will require a bit of extra care in a few ways. First, be wary that this dog is more susceptible to overheating than other non-brachycephalic breeds. When taking this dog for a walk, use a Y shaped chest harness as opposed to a throat collar. The latter tends to restrict breathing which can be very dangerous for this breed. Do not take this dog out for a run when it is very hot or humid outside. Nor should you smoke near the dog, use harsh chemical cleaning products, and keep him away from freshly cut grass and other sources of allergens. Basically, treat this dog like you would a person who suffers from asthma.

The breed's big eyes do require a bit of extra upkeep as well. Dust and other debris can get in the eyes and cause problems if not treated. It is common for owners of this breed to carry eyedrops when walking the dog, especially when in a big city. Check the eyes daily to make sure nothing is bothering them.

In cold weather these dogs should either be inside or be wearing some kind of doggie sweater or coat when outside. In any case, do not leave the dog outside for too long. If your Boston Terrier has wrinkles, it is important to wash and dry the skin folds after meals. Work on establishing a good relationship with your veterinarian if you adopt one of these dogs. Boston Terriers should see the veterinarian for an annual wellness visit that will include an eye-check, a check for parasites, and possibly bloodwork.

Furthermore, make sure the vet uses only the most modern anesthetics (such as isoflurane) as this dog is more sensitive than other breeds. Some vets are not mindful of the extra danger of anesthetizing short-faced breeds. If you take good care of your Boston Terrier, they should live a very happy 13 to 15 years.

Boston Terrier Health Concerns

Below are potential health concerns associated with Boston Terriers.

Patellar luxation
Heart murmurs
Reverse sneezing
Cherry eye
Brain tumors

Random Details

The Boston Terrier was America's first home-grown dog breed, and that is nut one of the interesting, weird, and odd facts about these dogs! Unlike most dog breeds, this one is very well documented. The founding parents of all Boston Terriers were named Gyp and Eph, and they were mated in 1870.

Since these Terriers came from other undesired breeds (one of which was allowed to go extinct), they have a great number of problems. Many of these are health issues that, sadly, have come to make these dogs highly popular. Because they are "so ugly they're cute," they have become the darlings of Instagram, FB, and other social media sites. They are also the basis for ugly Christmas sweaters and T-shirts, ugly dog contests, and other ugly-themed dog things.

These dogs were not always tiny and adorable, however. They were originally bred to be pit fighters, and they were much larger than the ones we see today. Were they still the same, they might not have become the official state dog of Massachusetts (1979). The Boston Terrier might also not have picked up its present-day nickname, "The American Gentleman."

Throughout the breed's 150-year history, a number of U.S. presidents and celebrities have owned these dogs. Warren G. Harding named his Hub, and Gerald R. Ford had two named Spot and Fleck. Louis Armstrong's Boston Terrier was named General, and Helen Keller had a Boston Terrier too.

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About this Article

Authored by:Dog-Learn
Updated:August 29, 2017