Slovak Cuvac Dog Breed

Slovak Cuvac in A Field of Flowers
  • Other names:
  • Slovak Tschuvatsch
  • Slovac Cuvac
  • Tatransky Cuvac
  • Slovensky Cuvac
  • Slovak Chuvach
  • View all 5...

The Slovak Cuvac (pronounced "chew-votch"), also known as the Slovensky Cuvac, is a large breed of dog that was bred for use as a livestock guardian and herd dog. This breed is known for its large and solid build, and its shaggy white coat.

As they have been traditionally employed as guard dogs, Cuvacs will naturally be protective and watchful, fearless and alert. They will back down to no animal; these dogs are famous for defending farms from bears and wolves. These dogs have been bred to work and will flourish in an expansive environment where they have family, children and other animals to watch over. Despite their natural protective streak they are gentle and loving and will make for a loyal companion.

Slovak Cuvac Breed Details

Breed Specs
Purebred11-13 yrs.25-28 in.70-100 lbs
  • Friendliness
  • Overall
  • Family Friendly
  • Kid Friendly
  • Pet Friendly
  • Stranger Friendly
  • Maintenance
  • Easy to Groom
  • Energy Level
  • Exercise Needs
  • General Health
  • Shedding Amount
  • Behavior
  • Barks / Howls
  • Easy to Train
  • Guard Dog
  • Playfulness
  • Watch Dog
  • Ownership
  • Apartment Friendly
  • Can Be Alone
  • Good for Busy Owners
  • Good for Novice Owners
  • Intelligence
* The more green the stronger the trait.

Below are the details and specs of the Slovak Cuvac dog breed:

Slovak Cuvac Breed Description

Members of this breed are large and robust. Males typically reach a height of about 28 inches, while females reach about 26 inches. Males weigh between 77 and 99 pounds and females 66 to 88 pounds. They will not injure easily but will require ample exercise and space.

Slovak Cuvacs are loyal and protective dogs bred to guard and herd. They will treat their family (including children and other pets) with great care and affection, but they will be wary of strangers. This is a medium to high maintenance breed. Slovak Cuvacs need a lot of exercise to burn off their stores of energy, and they require frequent brushing, especially during shedding season.

Slovak Cuvac Breed History

This breed originated in the Slovakian mountains, where it was bred as a herding and guard dog for many centuries. Though it was most often used to herd sheep, it proved itself as herder of cattle, turkey, and other domesticated animals. Eventually people from the surrounding areas discovered the breed and brought it to the rest of the country. Cuvacs were notable for their fearless disposition and were frequently used to ward off bears, wolves, and other predators. According to tradition, these dogs were always bred to be white to differentiate them from these wild beasts. In time, these predators became less of a problem and the Slovak's popularity began to decline. It was almost extinct in the 1950s before a veterinarian named Dr. Antonin Hruza revived the breed. Today this breed is once again flourishing and is recognized by the American Kennel Club.

Slovak Cuvac Appearance

The dog has a commanding stature. Its frame is large and solidly built. It has a large head and strong jaws, and long, floppy ears that fall forward onto their cheek. Their almond shaped eyes are dark and emotion bearing. Their tail is furry and thick. It hangs down when the dog is at rest and springs up when it is in action. Their coat is long and soft--the hair can reach a length of up to 4 inches.

Slovak Cuvac Coloring

These dogs are bred to be white. No other colors should be present.

Slovak Cuvac Size

These dogs are very large and imposing. Males typically reach a height of about 28 inches, while females reach about 26 inches. Males weigh between 77 and 99 pounds and females 66 to 88 pounds.

Average Adult Height

25-28 in
*Height is measured in inches from the front paws to the top of the shoulder while the dog is standing on all four legs.

Average Adult Weight

70-100 lbs

Slovak Cuvac Temperament

Slovak Cuvacs are confident and proud dogs bred to serve and protect. They will watch over their "pack" and defend their territory from any potential threads. These dogs will form a strong bond with their family and are known to be gentle with children, though they may treat unfamiliar people with reservation and misgiving. Due to their herd dog ancestry dogs of this type are typically independent and capable of performing advanced tasks with little supervision. They can be stubborn at times; this must be overcome by assertive "pack leader" mentality on the part of its owner(s). Because of this the Cuvac is not a breed for everyone. However, once this hurdle has been passed the it will prove to be a quick learner and an exceptional guardian.

Slovak Cuvac and Children

This dog is well-mannered and protective of children. It will be a watchful and loving companion, though small children should not be left alone with it due to its large size.

Slovak Cuvac and Other Pets

These dogs have been bred to herd animals. The Cuvac will likely be respectful and protective of other pets that it considers part of its herd.

Slovak Cuvac and Strangers

These dogs have a protective nature and will be apprehensive of strangers. If the Cuvac senses a threat, it may engage with force. Be sure to properly introduce your Cuvac to any unfamiliar people immediately.

Slovak Cuvac Photos

Below are pictures of the Slovak Cuvac dog breed.

Slovak Cuvac
Two Slovak Cuvac Dogs
Slovak Cuvac Puppies
Two Slovak Cuvac Dogs in the Snow
Slovak Cuvac Dog Breed
White Slovak Cuvac
Slovak Cuvac in A Field of Flowers

Slovak Cuvac Maintenance

This breed is medium to high maintenance. It is a very heavy seasonal shedder and will require frequent brushing (in addition to vacuuming). It should also be bathed occasionally. These are active dogs and will require a generous amount of exercise in order to be happy and healthy.

Grooming Requirements

In order to keep the coat clean of debris and free from mats daily brushing will be required. All through the year and during shedding season especially these dogs will spread a lot of hair about that may need to be vacuumed. Occasional bathing should also be performed.

Exercise Requirements

The Cuvac is bred to work and requires plenty daily exercise. If it is not actively engaged as a herder or work dog, it needs to be taken on a long jog or walk each day in order to prevent bad behaviors from like chewing and digging from becoming a problem.

Living Requirements

This breed is not recommended for apartment life. Due to their propensity for open spaces, these dogs will do best on a farm or a ranch, though they are somewhat active indoors and will be content with a large yard.

Temperature Range

These dogs should not be kept anywhere that is exceptionally warm or humid. Their hair is long and thick and they will overheat easily.

Slovak Cuvac Health

Cuvacs are considered a healthy breed; they have a life expectancy of 11 to 13 years. Their robust body should not be injured easily, but as with many large dogs owners should be aware that hip dysplasia has been known to occur.

Below are the most common health issues in the Slovak Cuvac:

  • Bloat

Slovak Cuvac Breed Recognition

The following dog breed registries and organizations recognize the Slovak Cuvac as a dog breed:

  • American Canine Registry
  • America's Pet Registry
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • Dog Registry of America Inc.
  • Federation Cynologique Internationale
  • Foundation Stock Service
  • National Kennel Club
  • North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • United Kennel Club
  • American Canine Association, Inc.
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