Kuvasz Dog Breed

  • Other names:
  • Hungarian Kuvasz
  • Kuvaszok

The Kuvasz (plural: Kuvaszok) is a large to giant sized purebred dog that originated in Hungary around 900 A.D. The breed makes an excellent guard and watch dog and are incredibly loyal to anyone they consider a family member. Kuvasz are good family dogs, but are independant which can make training difficult.

Since the breed was bred to protect families and livestock from wolves, coyotes, and other predators you can expect Kuvasz to be wary of any potential threat to their family. Because of this, it is important to train and socialize Kuvasz at an early age to help reduce tension with strangers and other animals.

Kuvasz Breed Details

Breed Specs
Purebred10-12 yrs.26-30 in.70-115 lbs
  • Friendliness
  • Overall
  • Family Friendly
  • Kid Friendly
  • Pet Friendly
  • Stranger Friendly
  • Maintenance
  • Easy to Groom
  • Energy Level
  • Exercise Needs
  • General Health
  • Shedding Amount
  • Behavior
  • Barks / Howls
  • Easy to Train
  • Guard Dog
  • Playfulness
  • Watch Dog
  • Ownership
  • Apartment Friendly
  • Can Be Alone
  • Good for Busy Owners
  • Good for Novice Owners
  • Intelligence
* The more green the stronger the trait.

A member of the Working group of breeds, the Kuvasz dog breed was developed in Hungary centuries ago to be a livestock, property, and personal guardian; because of this history, these dogs are loyal to their families--and usually mistrustful of everyone else. Kuvaszok are best suited for experienced, active owners willing to provide their dogs with plenty of training, care, and companionship.

A few breed facts: Kuvaszok are large-sized, averaging 28 inches at the shoulders in height and 95 pounds in weight, with males being a good bit larger than females. They have medium- to long-haired, thick, double-layered coats that are white in color. Some good (and not so good) qualities of the breed:

  • Pros
  • Protective and affectionate with family members
  • Fairly easy to groom
  • Intelligent and independent
  • Playful and active with loved ones
  • Fantastic guard and watchdog skills
  • Excellent work ethic
  • Good with children, especially if raised with them
  • Adapts very well to cold climates
  • Good overall health record
  • Cons
  • Can be stubborn and headstrong
  • Suspicious of and often aggressive toward unknown people; a Kuvasz attack on strangers is not uncommon
  • Difficult to train
  • Not suited for apartment life
  • Sheds a good bit
  • Will turn destructive and aggressive if left alone for long periods
  • Doesn't do well in hot weather
  • Not recommended for first-time owners
  • High potential for obesity
  • Extensive exercise needs

Kuvasz Coloring

Kuvaszok have double coats consisting of fine a fine underlayer covered by a medium-long, rough outer layer. The fur is always white; Kuvaszok are often confused with other large white dog breeds like the Great Pyrenees. The skin of the Kuvasz is black or grey, typically the more pigmented the better-- the coat is never colored.

Kuvasz Size

Kuvasz size differs a good bit between males and females. Males are 28-30 inches at the shoulders in height and 100-115 pounds in weight; females, 26-28 inches in height and 70-90 pounds in weight.

Average Adult Height

26-30 in
*Height is measured in inches from the front paws to the top of the shoulder while the dog is standing on all four legs.

Average Adult Weight

70-115 lbs

Kuvasz Temperament

Protective, independent, intelligent, sometimes stubborn, and possibly aggressive, the Kuvasz temperament is one of loyalty, love, and boldness. Kuvaszok dearly love their immediate circle--and are fiercely protective of them! These dogs will definitely need obedience training and socialization (starting in puppyhood, if possible) to minimize aggressive behavior--but they'll still need close supervision at all times when around unknown people and animals. Kuvaszok can be good playmates for kids, especially if they grow up together--but breed members may be domineering with other pets, particularly other dogs.

The Kuvasz personality combines independence and intelligence, which usually makes training difficult with these dogs. Owners will need to use consistent, patient training methods for their Kuvaszok--and it's best not to "push" them if they don't want to learn.

On the flip side, a Kuvasz is an excellent watchdog. The breed is alert and loyal, and will deter any potential threats or intruders either by scaring them away by its size alone, or by physically neutralizing the threat.

Kuvasz Health

The rugged Kuvasz dog has few health issues common to the breed. Though your Kuvasz may live a full 10-12 years will no problems, we recommend familiarizing yourself with the following:

  • Eye disease such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip dysplasia and other joint disorder
  • Thyroid disease
  • Bloat

Some things you can do to ensure the best health for your Kuvasz puppy include: do your research to find a reputable breeder, make regular veterinary appointments, brush your Kuvasz teeth weekly, brush the coat frequently.

  • Bloat
  • Eye Diseases
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
  • Osteochondrosis
  • Thyroid Disorder
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