It is believed that the Cavachon was conceived in 1996 when an accidental litter occurred between a champion Cavalier King Charles Spaniel successfully being mated with a Bichon Frise; unfortunately, there is not much history known other than this rumored beginning. Although this designer dog was inadvertently brought about a bit later than many such hybrids, the Cavachon was and remains one of the more popular hybrids due to its size and cuddly demeanor.
Unlike the too-cute cross-breed that they parented, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Bichon Frise have long, deep and intriguing histories, and knowing them will help greatly in better understanding your Cavachon.
The King Charles Spaniel, which was not yet named as such, was greatly admired by Mary, Queen of Scots. Later, King Charles Spaniel was named after Charles I, a 17th century English king. The subsequent monarch, King Charles II, was also fond of the King Charles Spaniel; he was never without two or three of them. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1995.
The Bichon Frise has its origins in the Mediterranean region during the middle ages. By the 14th century, Italian sailors had acquired some of them and, like any loot, were taken back to their country and gifted to royalty and the crew's benefactors.
By the 16th century, Bichon Frises were extremely popular among the nobility in Italy and Spain and were featured in a number of paintings including some by Goya.
By the end of the 19th century, the breed's popularity had waned significantly, and they remained popular primarily by being performers with street artists as well as circuses and fairs. In the early 20th century, they were somewhat rescued when a breed standard was created in France. In early 1933, the Societe Centrale Canine of France officially adopted that breed standard, and it was then that they were given the name Bichon Frise. They were introduced to the United States in 1956, and by 1964, the Bichon Frise Club of America was founded. The AKC recognized the Bichon Frise in 1972.