Basset Bleu De Gascogne Dog Breed

  • Other names:
  • Blue Gascony Basset
  • Bleus De Gascogne
  • Bleu Gascogne French Hound

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a French basset that is rarely found outside France. It is a long-backed, low-legged purebred with a lineage that goes back to the 14th century, was identified in a 15th century illuminated manuscript translated into English as "Book of The Hunt".

A scent hound whose primary task was to hunt rabbits in the brutal brambles, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne is, nevertheless, a great family dog that is accustomed to being around other dogs, playing with children and the company of people. Ideally this breed should be partnered with a hunter or just a generally active owner that lives somewhere with a large yard (at the very least). The Basset Bleu is a shedder but is otherwise fairly low maintenance.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Breed Details

Breed Specs
Purebred12-14 yrs.13-17 in.35-40 lbs
  • Friendliness
  • Overall
  • Family Friendly
  • Kid Friendly
  • Pet Friendly
  • Stranger Friendly
  • Maintenance
  • Easy to Groom
  • Energy Level
  • Exercise Needs
  • General Health
  • Shedding Amount
  • Behavior
  • Barks / Howls
  • Easy to Train
  • Guard Dog
  • Playfulness
  • Watch Dog
  • Ownership
  • Apartment Friendly
  • Can Be Alone
  • Good for Busy Owners
  • Good for Novice Owners
  • Intelligence
* The more green the stronger the trait.

Below are details and specs for the Basset Bleu De Gascogne dog breed.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Breed Description

Males and females are alike in size when mature, and when mature they are around 13 to 17 inches high and weighs between 35 and 40 pounds.

When not chasing prey, they are very friendly, play well with children and are receptive around strangers. With most other pets, they are reserved — unless those other pets are rabbits or small rodents.

Except for exercise, Bassets Bleu de Gascogne are very low-maintenance dogs. They need just a little brushing, even less bathing and the occasional (and gentle) cleaning of their ears. As for exercise, they need quite a bit every day as well or they very well may exhibit bad behavior.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Breed History

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a purebred dog that is said to be the oldest native breed in France. This beautiful hunting dog has a very long history that goes back to at least the 14th century, became nearly extinct by the 19th century (due to the lowered interest in hunting as well as the aftermath of the French revolution) and is believed to have been brought back from the brink of extinction by a breeder named Alain Bourbon.

Translated in English, the dog's name means Blue Gascony Basset, the term "basset" being a French term meaning "low-set" and which describes this hunting dog's body that was bred to hunt boar and other animals that preferred terrain covered with brush, bramble and thorny plants.

Some say that the origins of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne came from cross-breeding a Grand Bleu with a Saintongeois Basset, whereas others claim that it came from the Grand Bleu being allowed to occur from selective breeding with an intent to shorten the breed's legs. In any case, the first known written record regarding the Basset Bleu de Gascogne was published by Gaston III of Foix-Béarn (also known as Gaston Phoebus) in his circa 1407 illuminated manuscript titled Le Livre de la Chasse (Book of The Hunt).

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is formally recognized internationally by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) as well as by The Kennel Club (in United Kingdom) and by the U.S.-based United Kennel Club. This breed is rarely found outside France.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Appearance

Bassets Bleu de Gascogne are short-legged, long-backed and smooth-coated. Their muzzles are strong and their long, floppy ears are set below the eyes — which are oval-shaped and tend to appear gentle and somewhat sad; their pronounced chests protrude proudly forward. The tail is long, pointed, a bit curved and may either hang low or be erect.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Coloring

The coat of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne can be mostly white, tri-colored or somewhat blue. Even if it is primarily white, there may be a fair amount of brown spots, blues patches or both. It is is not uncommon for them to have brown spots above the eyes or black patches below them.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Size

The average size of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne is medium but not heavy. When mature, this purebred hound stands anywhere from 13 to 17 inches high and weighs between 35 and 40 pounds. They are very proud dogs who carry themselves rather well.

Average Adult Height

13-17 in
*Height is measured in inches from the front paws to the top of the shoulder while the dog is standing on all four legs.

Average Adult Weight

35-40 lbs

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Temperament

Bassets Bleu de Gascone are even-tempered dogs, for the most part, but when around packs or on the hunt, they can be high-spirited. Despite their hunting genetic blueprint, they are extremely good family dogs who love to play and are as intelligent as they are amusing.

Members of this breed are happy to be around other canine pets but small rodent like ones may become a problem since this breed primarily hunted rabbits. They are welcoming to strangers, which makes them a less than ideal guard dog but great for an owner with frequent visitors. Whether kept as a hunting partner or a companion this dog should be given plenty of outdoor room to roam. If they do not have plenty of acreage they are familiar with then they should be in a fenced yard.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne and Children

With children, your Basset Bleu de Gascone will be delightful. They love to play, are very resilient because of their literally thick skin and high tolerance to pain — after all, they were bred to chase prey through thorns, thick branches and low, dense shrubbery — and possess a genetic disposition from centuries of being brought up with families.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne and Other Pets

There is not much to worry about with most other pets — providing they are not small rodents — as this basset is a pack animal who is easily socialized so long as it is not introduced to an animal that triggers their hunting instincts.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne and Strangers

Bassets Bleu de Gascone are remarkably open to the presence of strangers, and while they are not good watchdogs (and certainly not guard dogs, for that matter), when they do "bark", they howl long, low and loudly. Nevertheless, they will welcome strangers so long as there is no overt threat made to them or those to whom they are devoted.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Maintenance

Bassets Bleu de Gascone are low-maintenance dogs in most all respects except exercise. They need very little brushing (although they shed a lot) and they have very few health problems but they do demand significant outdoor space as well as require plenty of daily exercise.

Grooming Requirements

Like most bassets, the Basset Bleu de Gascone is a low-maintenance dog regarding grooming. A weekly brushing (with a rubber brush) of the short coat to remove dead hair; bathing only when necessary; and keeping the ears clean and the nails clipped is about all that is required. They do shed a lot; it should be noted.

Exercise Requirements

Bassets Bleu de Gascone are hunting dogs with a demeanor not unlike a long-distance runner: they are meant to be active for long periods of time and they tend to pace themselves well provided they are allowed to do so. They are not very active inside if left alone, and it is best to give them a toy to hunt. Still, they require long daily walks; if they are allowed to be inactive, they are known to develop destructive behavior.

Living Requirements

Apartments are not ideal for this purebred basset hound. Bassets Bleu de Gascone need lots of room to roam, and the best home for them is a rural or semi-suburban home with a huge, fenced-in yard. They have excellent noses, however, so when they are outdoors, they should be leashed if in an unenclosed area lest they get a scent and chase it. Once on the hunt, they are very difficult to recover if not restrained.

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Health

Due to their elongated backs, the primary health issues that must be anticipated with a Basset Bleu de Gascone are back problems (especially as they age) and bloat.

  • Back Issues
  • Bloat

Basset Bleu De Gascogne Breed Recognition

The following dog breed registries and organizations recognize the Basset Bleu De Gascogne as a dog breed:

  • Dog Registry of America Inc.
  • American Canine Association, Inc.