The Basset Artésien Normand, as it is internationally known, was not named as such until 1924. It was the Club du Basset Français (founded in 1910) that conceived the name for this specific Basset Hound. After considerable breeding experiments based on the 1898 breed standard for the Basset d' Artois (the predecessor of the Artésien), Leon Verrier — a club member who would become its president in 1927 — produced what was said to have been the best results; to this day he is known as the father of modern Basset Artesian Normand. The single outstanding distinction of this breed are the crooked front legs.
The Hound breed predecessor(s) to the Basset Artesian Normand are recorded as far back as 2200 B.C., and they make a number of appearances in art, literature and history in later millennia. Wall paintings on Egyptian tombs said to be approximately 4,000 years old depict what are clearly Basset Hound-styled dogs. In later centuries, the Greeks and Romans had long, squat hunting dogs that many believe to be similar to Bassett Hounds.
During the end of the Medieval period, France was where the Bassett Hound was shaped from a bloodhound (believed to be the St. Hubert Hound) into the beginning of the modern Basset Hound. In particular, it was the Abbey of St. Hubert's Benedictine monks, an abbey located in the Ardennes, that was responsible for this. The dogs were very popular and the monks supplied the dogs to the aristocracy (for hunting) as well as to French royalty. It was in France where the Basset Hound got its name; the term "basset" is French for "low-set".
As the Renaissance bloomed and eventually became the Early Modern period, the French Basset Hound was named according to its region. There were no fewer than seven regions and their respective Basset hounds: Basset d'Artois, Basset de Normandie, Basset bleu de Gascogne, Basset Griffon-Vendeen, Basset Ardennais, Basset Fauve de Bretagne and Basset Saintongeois. In the first quarter of the 19th century, much of the aristocracy and their holdings were separated and destroyed in the French Revolution, and this included some of the regional Basset types. Two of the strains that survived were the Basset de Normandie and the Basset d'Artois (both of which are now extinct as they went up into the Basset Artésien Normand), and these two regional Bassets were the ones that Leon Verrier cross-bred to produce the Basset Artesian Norman we know today.
The Basset Artésien Normand is also recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (under the name "Norman Artésien Basset") and the U.S.-based United Kennel Club (UKC) where it is also labeled a Scenthound.