Newfoundland vs Saint Bernard

Compare the Newfoundland to the Saint Bernard. Use the tool below to compare temperament, size, personality, maintenance requirements, and everything else between Newfoundlands and Saint Bernards.

Quick Summary

Below are a few quick comparisons between the two breeds.
  • Owner Experience - Both the Newfoundland and the Saint Bernard are good for new owners, but the Newfoundland is a slightly better choice.
  • Children - Both the Newfoundland and Saint Bernard are great with children.
  • Grooming - Both the Newfoundland and Saint Bernard require moderate grooming.
  • Barking - The Newfoundland has an above-average tendency to bark. The Saint Bernard rarely barks.
Choose Another Breed to Compare
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Newfoundland vs Saint Bernard
Brown Newfoundland Dog
White & Orange Saint Bernard
Breed NameNewfoundlandSaint Bernard
General Details
Breed TypePurebredPurebred
Is Hypo­allergenicNoNo
Lifespan8-10 yrs.8-10 yrs.
Height25-30 in.25½-27½ in.
Weight100-150 lb110-200 lb
IntelligenceAverageAverage
History
Origin CountryCanadaSwitzerland
Origin Year1600 AD1695 AD
Temperament
Overall FriendlinessVery GoodVery Good
Family FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Kid FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Pet FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Stranger FriendlyVery GoodVery Good
Personality
  • Affectionate
  • Loving
  • Willing To Please
  • Affectionate
  • Loving
  • Likes To Snuggle
  • Stubborn
  • Willing To Please
Living Environment
ApartmentNoYes
IndoorYesYes
Small YardYesYes
Medium YardYesYes
Large YardYesYes
Temperature Tolerance ¹0°F to 80°F20°F to 85°F
Barks/HowlsVery OftenRarely
Exercise Needs
Energy LevelMediumLow
Exercise RequiredMediumLow-Medium
Top Running Speed22 mph20 mph
StrengthVery HighVery High
Grooming Needs
Coat Main­tenanceMedium-HighMedium
SheddingHighMedium
DanderMediumMedium
Drool AmountMediumHigh

¹This is estimated min/max temperature range for a healthy adult dog. Dogs that live indoors, puppies, seniors, unwell dogs, and/or dogs with improperly groomed coats may overheat sooner and get cold more quickly.
Instincts & Behavior Comparison
Breed NameNewfoundlandSaint Bernard
Breed Mentality
Dominant/AlphaNoNo
Family/PackYesYes
IndependentNoNo
Breed Focus
Distracted EasilyNoNo
AverageYesYes
Focused & PatientNoNo
Breed Instincts
AggressionVery LowBelow Average
Burrow/DiggingBelow AverageVery Low
ChasingBelow AverageBelow Average
Follow CommandsBelow AverageBelow Average
FightingVery LowBelow Average
GuardingBelow AverageBelow Average
HerdingBelow AverageAverage
HuntingBelow AverageBelow Average
ProtectionBelow AverageBelow Average
Remove VerminBelow AverageBelow Average
SleddingAverageHigh
WatchBelow AverageBelow Average
Health Comparison
Breed NameNewfoundlandSaint Bernard
Lifespan
Lifespan8-10 yrs.8-10 yrs.
Common Health Issues
Addison's DiseaseYesNo
AllergiesNoYes
BloatYesYes
CancerYesNo
CataractsYesYes
Cherry EyeYesNo
CystinuriaYesNo
Dilated CardiomyopathyNoYes
Elbow DysplasiaYesYes
EntropionNoYes
EpilepsyYesYes
Hip DysplasiaYesYes
HypothyroidismYesNo
Subvalvular Aortic StenosisYesNo
Appearance Comparison
Breed NameNewfoundlandSaint Bernard
Coat
FurYesYes
Coat Type
Double CoatYesYes
Coat Texture
StraightYesYes
RoughNoYes
Coat Length(s)
MediumYesYes
LongYesNo
Coat Color(s)
BeigeYesNo
BlackYesNo
Black & TanYesNo
BrownYesNo
GrayYesNo
White & BlackYesNo
White & BrownYesYes
White & GrayYesNo
Brindle GrizzleNoYes
Brown & WhiteNoYes
Mahogany & WhiteNoYes
Orange & WhiteNoYes
Red & WhiteNoYes
Rust & WhiteNoYes
White & OrangeNoYes
White & RedNoYes